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What is the Total US Government Revenue?

In FY 2016, total US government revenue, federal, state, and local, is “guesstimated” to be $6.65 trillion. Federal revenue is budgeted at $3.34 trillion; state revenue is “guesstimated” at $1.98 trillion; local revenue is “guesstimated” at $1.34 trillion.

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Estimated Government Revenue for FY 2016

In 2016 the governments in the United States are expected to collect about 36 percent of Gross Domestic Product in revenue. The federal government will collect about 18.1 percent of GDP, the states will collect about 10.7 percent of GDP, and local governments about 7.3 percent of GDP.

Government Revenue: Federal, State, Local

Governments in the US will collect $6.7 trillion in 2016.

Table 3.01: Total Revenue in 2016

In fiscal 2016 the federal government budgets that revenue will be $3.3 trillion. State revenue for 2016 is "guesstimated" by at $2.09 trillion and local government revenue is "guesstimated" by at $1.3 trillion.

Total revenue at all levels of government in the United States is "guesstimated" by to be $6.7trillion in 2016.

Government Revenue: the Sources

The governments in the US collect about $4.2 trillion in a year income and payroll taxes.

Table 3.02: Total Revenue Breakdown FY 2016

Income tax is where governments collect the most tax: in federal, state, and local income tax they will collect about $2.4 trillion in 2016. Next in line are social insurance taxes, including Social Security, unemployment and hospital taxes, adding up to $1.8 trillion. Ad-valorem taxes, i.e. sales taxes and property taxes, will amount to about $1.4 trillion in 2016. Fees and Charges will add up to $0.5 trillion, and Business and Other Revenue will add up to $0.5 trillion in 2016.

These revenue estimates are based on projections in the federal budget for federal revenue and on "guesstimates" of state and local revenue by

Government Revenue: the Details

Government revenue is collected at all levels of government: federal, state, and local.

Table 3.03: Total Revenue Details FY 2016

At 50 percent, the federal government collects about half of total government revenue, with states collecting 30 percent and local governments 20 percent. Overwhelmingly, the federal take is collected as income taxes and social insurance payroll taxes. State governments balance their take between income taxes, ad-valorem taxes and other forms of revenue. Local governments collect revenue from ad-valorem taxes such as property taxes and sales taxes.

Government Revenue: the Piecharts

The source of government revenue is mostly income tax for the federal government, and mostly ad-valorem taxes at the local level.

Chart 3.04: Total Revenue Pie

Total government revenue in the United States, including federal, state, and local governments, is expected to total $6.65 trillion in 2016. The total features five major sources. The largest share is incomes taxes, at 36 percent of total revenue; social insurance at 28 percent of total revenue; ad-valorem taxes, at 21 percent of revenue; business revenue, at 8 percent of total revenue; and fees and charges, at 8 percent of total revenue.

Pie Chart of Federal Government Revenue

Chart 3.05: Federal Revenue Pie

Federal revenue is budgeted at $3.34 trillion for FY 2016. Almost all revenue comes from income taxes, individual and corporate, at 58 percent of total federal revenue; and social insurance taxes, at 33 percent of total federal revenue.

Pie Chart of State Government Revenue

Chart 3.06: State Revenue Pie

State government revenue, as "guesstimated" by, will total about $1.98 trillion in FY 2016, and is balanced between five major sources. The largest revenue source is social insurance taxes, including income from state employee retirement systems, amounting to 33 percent of state revenue. Next is ad-valorem taxes, property and sales taxes, at 28 percent of total state revenue. State income taxes amount to 21 percent of total state revenue; fees and charges amount to 10 percent of total state revenue; state business revenue comes in at 8 percent of receipts.

Pie Chart of Local Government Revenue

Chart 3.07: Local Revenue Pie

Local government revenue, as "guesstimated" by, will total about $1.34 trillion in FY 2016, and is dominated by ad-valorem taxes — i.e. property and sales taxes — amounting to 48 percent of total local government revenue. Fees and changes amount to 22 percent of local revenue; business revenue, such as utilities and liquor stores, amounts to 19 percent of total local revenue, and social insurance is 7 percent of revenue. The remaining revenue is 3 percent of total local receipts.

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Revenue Data Sources

Revenue data is from official government sources.

Gross Domestic Product data comes from US Bureau of Economic Analysis and

Detailed table of revenue data sources here.

Federal revenue data begins in 1792.

State and local revenue data begins in 1890.

State and local revenue data for individual states begins in 1957.

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Next Data Update

> State GDP CY14

> data update schedule.

Data Sources for 2016:

GDP, GO: GDP, GO Sources
Federal: Fed. Budget: Hist. Tables 2.1, 2.4, 2.5, 7.1
State and Local: State and Local Gov. Finances
'Guesstimated' by projecting the latest change in reported revenue forward to future years

> data sources for other years
> data update schedule.

Gross State Product Update for 2015

The US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released its Gross State Product (GSP) data for 2015 on June 14, 2016. has updated its individual state GSPs for 2015 and projected nominal and real GSP through 2020 for each state using the projected national GDP numbers from Table 10.1 in the Historical Tables for the Federal FY2016 Budget and the historical GDP data series from the BEA as a baseline.

As before we have projected individual state GSPs out to 2021 by applying a factor to reflect each state's deviation from the national growth rate. (E.g. In 2014 the national real GDP expanded by 2.4 percent. But North Dakota grew by 6.3 percent, a deviation of nearly 4 percent. The deviation is reduced by 40 percent for each year after 2014, making the assumption that each state will slowly revert to the national norm.) displays individual state data going back to 1957, but BEA has nominal GSP data going back to only 1963, and real GSP data going back to 1987.  Also the 1987-1997 real GSP data is in 1997 dollars, not 2009 dollars like the 1997-present data, and the pre-1997 data is based on a different model than post 1997 data.  For the pre-1997 data we have factored it to remove any "bumps" over the 1997 transition.

Because needs GSP data to provide e.g., spending as a percent of GDP, we have extended the two BEA GSP data series back to 1957.  We have assumed that the rate of change of GSP prior to 1963 is the same as the national GDP and we have assumed that the rate of change of real GSP prior to 1987 is the same as the nation real GDP growth rate.

Click here to view a complete list of US states and their 2015 GSP growth rates.

Tax links

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